Acupressure on Anxiety and Sleep Quality After Cardiac Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
J Perianesth Nurs. 2019 Dec ;34(6):1222-1231. Epub 2019 Jul 11. PMID: 31303389
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of acupressure on anxiety and sleep quality after cardiac surgery.
DESIGN: A randomized pre-post test control group design.
METHODS: Patients after cardiac surgery were divided into two groups: the intervention group (n = 50), who received acupressure on four different acupoints plus standard care, and the control group (n = 50), who received only standard care. Patients were admitted to the surgical clinic from the intensive care unit after 3 or 4 days of surgery. The levels of anxiety and sleep quality were evaluated during three postoperative days starting from their first day in the surgical clinic.
FINDINGS: Among the patients in the intervention group, the usage of acupressure decreased the level of anxiety and increased the sleep quality significantly compared with the control group (P<.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings showed that acupressure decreased the level of anxiety and improved the sleep quality in the surgical clinic after cardiac surgery.