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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Alantolactone alleviates collagen-induced arthritis and inhibits Th17 cell differentiation through modulation of STAT3 signalling.

Abstract Source:

Pharm Biol. 2021 Dec ;59(1):134-145. PMID: 33556301

Abstract Author(s):

Hsiang-Lai Chen, Shih Chao Lin, Shiming Li, Kuo-Tung Tang, Chi-Chien Lin

Article Affiliation:

Hsiang-Lai Chen

Abstract:

CONTEXT: Alantolactone, the bioactive component inL. (Asteraceae), exhibits multiple biological effects.

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the anti-inflammatory effect of alantolactone in a collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mouse model and its immunomodulatory effects on Th17 differentiation.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A CIA mouse model was established with DBA/1 mice randomly divided into four groups ( = 6): healthy, vehicle and two alantolactone-treated groups (25 or 50 mg/kg), followed by oral administration of alantolactone to mice for 21 consecutive days after arthritis onset. The severity of CIA was evaluated by an arthritic scoring system and histopathological examination. Levels of cytokines and anti-CII antibodies as well as percentages of splenic Th17 and Th17 differentiation with or without alantolactone treatments (0.62, 1.2 or 2.5 μM) were detected with ELISA and flow cytometry, respectively. Western blot analysis was used to evaluate intracellular signalling in alantolactone-treated spleen cells.

RESULTS: In CIA mice, alantolactone at 50 mg/kg attenuated RA symptoms, including high arthritis scores, infiltrating inflammatory cells, synovial hyperplasia, bone erosion and levels of the proinflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-17A, but not IL-10 in paw tissues. Alantolactone also reduced the number of splenic Th17 cells and thecapability of naïve CD4T cells to differentiate into the Th17 subset by downregulating STAT3/RORγt signalling by as early as 24 h of treatment.

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: Alantolactone possesses an anti-inflammatory effect that suppresses murine CIA by inhibiting Th17 cell differentiation, suggesting alantolactone is an adjunctive therapeutic candidate to treat rheumatoid arthritis.

Study Type : Animal Study

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