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Abstract Title:

Allicin protects against myocardial I/R by accelerating angiogenesis via the miR-19a-3p/PI3K/AKT axis.

Abstract Source:

Aging (Albany NY). 2021 Oct 4 ;13(undefined). Epub 2021 Oct 4. PMID: 34607973

Abstract Author(s):

Mengru Liu, Peng Yang, Dongliang Fu, Tong Gao, Xinyi Deng, Mingjing Shao, Jiangquan Liao, Hong Jiang, Xianlun Li

Article Affiliation:

Mengru Liu

Abstract:

OBJECTIVES: Allicin is an allyl 2-propenethiosulfinate or diallyl thiosulfinate acid with cardioprotective effects in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury. This study aims to examine the underlying mechanism by which Allicin protects against MI/R.

METHODS: C57BL6 mice were subjected to either sham or MI/R surgery, and mice in the Allicin group were injected with Allicin (5 mg/ml) before the induction of ischemia. The cardiac function and histopathology of experimental mice were evaluated by ultrasound quantification and Masson staining. We next measured the capillary angiogenesis of the peri-infarct area by Masson staining and immunohistochemical staining. The miRNA microarray was carried out to examine the expressed miRNAs in MI/R tissues and corresponding normal tissues. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (q-PCR) was performed to validate the selected miRNA-19α-3p gene expression. Besides, we evaluated the myocardial lactate dehydrogenase and COX-2 by immunofluorescence staining. The western blot analysis was used to evaluate the protein levels of p-AKT, p-PI3K, p-mTOR, COX-2, and VEGF protein in the Allicin and Model group.study, LPS stimulated Tie2 expressing macrophages were cultured in an ischemic buffer. We evaluated the accumulation of VEGF by fura-2/AM fluorescence. Besides, Western blotting was performed to examine the protein levels of p-PI3K, p-AKT, p-mTOR, VEGF, COX2, and MMP2. The PI3K inhibitor was applied to investigate whether Allicin-induced myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury protection is mediated via the PI3K/AKT pathway. And the miR-19α-3p mimic/inhibitor were transfected to promote/inhibit the expression of miR-19a-3p for verifying the regulation of miR-19a-3p on PI3K pathway.

RESULTS: Allicin pretreatment significantly improved I/R-induced cardiac function damage. Furthermore, Allicin could repress cardiac fibrosis, as evidenced by reduced areas of cardiac fibrosis. Allicin's effect on the MI/R was associated with increased capillary angiogenesis. Microarray analysis exposed that miR-19a-3p down-regulated PIK3CA (PI3K) expression by directly targeting the PIK3CA gene. The regulation of the angiogenesis pathway and gene miRNA-19a-3p might affect the Allicin-induced MI/R protection. Immunofluorescence staining revealed that COX-2 and myocardial lactate dehydrogenase were significantly increased after Allicin treatment. Furthermore, western blot analysis demonstrated that p-AKT, p-PI3K, p-mTOR, COX-2, and VEGF protein levels were also increased in the Allicin group.study, the protein levels of p-PI3K, p-AKT, p-mTOR, VEGF, COX2, and MMP2 were significantly increased in the Allicin-treated Tie2 expressing macrophages. These effects were partially reversed by PI3K inhibitor (Wortmannin) treatment. MiR-19α-3p plays an important role in myocardial I/R injury. It could regulate the activity of the PI3K-AKT pathway. And inhibition of miR-19a-3p promoted angiogenesis by regulating PI3K/AKT pathway.

CONCLUSIONS: Allicin pretreatment protects against myocardial I/R and activating the miR-19a-3p/PI3K/AKT pathway.

Study Type : Animal Study

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Sayer Ji
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