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Abstract Title:

Antibiofilm agent pterostilbene is able to enhance antibiotics action against Staphylococcus epidermidis.

Abstract Source:

Microb Pathog. 2020 Nov 23:104632. Epub 2020 Nov 23. PMID: 33242645

Abstract Author(s):

P Kašparová, E Vaňková, L Brázdová, K Lokočová, O Maťátková, J Masák

Article Affiliation:

P Kašparová

Abstract:

Pterostilbene (PTE) is a naturally occurring compound originally isolated from Pterocarpus spp. It has been widely used in traditional Indian medicine and later discovered to have various beneficial pharmacological effects such as antioxidant properties, hypoglycaemic or antitumor, and antimicrobial activity. This work is focused on demonstrating PTE synergistic effect with erythromycin and tetracycline to reduce their needed effective concentration for suppression of Staphylococcus epidermidis planktonic cells growth and biofilm formation. The secondary aim is to find these combinations effect on the production of its virulence factors. PTE was found to be effective in inhibition of its planktonic cells with MICvalues 25-37.5 mg l. Simultaneously, it decreased the metabolic activity of biofilm cells and was especially effective on a clinical isolate (MBIC = 35 mg l) in contrast to the conventional antibiotics. In combination, PTE helped the antibiotics to overcome the tolerance of S. epidermidis biofilm cells (5 mg lof each antibiotic with 49 mg l PTE caused more than 85% inhibition of metabolic activity). It permeabilized cytoplasmic membrane of S. epidermidis cells and altered their surface hydrophobicity. Therefore, PTE has a great potential to enhance antibiotics action in the treatment of infections caused by this pathogen.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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