Abstract Title:

Melatonin treatment enhances therapeutic effects of exosomes against acute liver ischemia-reperfusion injury.

Abstract Source:

Am J Transl Res. 2017 ;9(4):1543-1560. Epub 2017 Apr 15. PMID: 28469765

Abstract Author(s):

Cheuk-Kwan Sun, Chih-Hung Chen, Chia-Lo Chang, Hsin-Ju Chiang, Pei-Hsun Sung, Kuan-Hung Chen, Yi-Ling Chen, Sheng-Yi Chen, Gour-Shenq Kao, Hsueh-Wen Chang, Mel S Lee, Hon-Kan Yip

Article Affiliation:

Cheuk-Kwan Sun


This study tests the hypothesis that combined melatonin and exogenic adipose mesenchymal stem cell (ADMSC)-derived exosome treatment offers superior protection against liver ischemia-reperfusion (LIR) injury compared to either alone. In vitro studies utilized a macrophage cell line (RAW) pretreated with lipopolysaccharide and hepatocytes pretreated with melatonin or exosomes before hypoxia treatment, while in vitro experiments involved analyses of liver specimens from male adult Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 50) equally categorized into sham controls (SC), LIR only, LIR-exosome (100µg, 30 minute post-LIR), LIR-melatonin (20 mg/kg, 30 minute post-LIR and 50 mg/kg at 6 and 18 hours post-LIR), and LIR-exosome-melatonin groups. In vitro studies showed suppression of inflammation (MIF, MMP-9, IL-1β, TNF-α, COX-2) and oxidative stress (NOX-1, NOX-2, oxidized protein)/apoptosis (cleaved caspase 3 and PARP) by exosome and exosome/melatonin treatment, respectively (all P<0.001). In vivo data demonstrated lowest liver injury score and plasma AST concentrations in LIR-exosome-melatonin group compared with other groups (P<0.001). Besides, expressions of inflammatory markers at protein (ICAM-1, IL-1β, MMP-9, TNF-α, NF-κB, RANTES) and cellular (CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD161+, CD11+, CD14+, F4/80) levels, and protein expressions of apoptosis (cleaved caspase-3, PARP), oxidative stress (NOX-1, NOX-2), DNA damage (γ-H2AX) and mitochondrial damage (cytosolic cytochrome-C) markers displayed a patternsimilar to that of liver injury score, whereas protein expression of anti-oxidants (HO-1, NQO-1) showed progressive increase from SC to the combined treatment group (all P<0.001). In conclusion, combined exosome-melatonin regimen was superior to either alone in protecting the liver against ischemia-reperfusion injury.

Print Options

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.