Crocin attenuates isoprenaline-induced myocardial fibrosis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Crocin attenuates isoprenaline-induced myocardial fibrosis by targeting TLR4/NF-κB signaling: connecting oxidative stress, inflammation, and apoptosis.
Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 2019 Aug 7. Epub 2019 Aug 7. PMID: 31392383
Crocin is isolated from saffron and has multiple activities. There are many reports on its beneficial effects for cardiovascular disease, but crocin's effects on anti-myocardial fibrosis have not yet been reported. This study investigated crocin's effects and potential mechanisms on isoproterenol (ISO)-induced myocardial fibrosis (MF) in mice. Mice were infused intraperitoneally with crocin with concurrent ISO subcutaneous injections over 2 weeks. Electrocardiography, cardiac weight index (CWI), hydroxyproline content, and heart morphology changes were observed. Administration of crocin markedly decreased heart rate, J-point elevation, QRS interval, CWI, and hydroxyproline content in the myocardial tissues, and improved heart pathologic morphology. Versus the control group, the ISO group showed an increase in lactate dehydrogenase and creatine kinase activities and malondialdehyde content. Meanwhile, superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione contents decreased in the ISO group; crocin caused a significant reduction in oxidative stress levels in ISO-induced MF. ISO led to a significant increase in interleukin-1 and -6 and tumor necrosis factor-α in addition to nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) (p65) and toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 expressions. Crocin treatment suppressed these inflammatory cytokine expressions. Moreover, crocin treatment caused a significant decrease in connective tissue growth factor and transforming growth factor-β1 mRNA levels in addition to a decrease in B cell lymphoma-2, Bcl-2-associated X protein, caspase-3, and cleaved caspase-3 expressions. Crocin has a protective effect on ISO-inducedMF, which may be associated with the TLR4/NF-κB (p65) signal transduction pathway.