Dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate reduces chronic hypoxic pulmonary hypertension in rats. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate reduces chronic hypoxic pulmonary hypertension in rats.
Biol Pharm Bull. 1997 Mar;20(3):243-8. PMID: 12765434
Dept of Physiology, Charles University Second Medical School, Prague, Czech Republic. firstname.lastname@example.org
Pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension includes vascular smooth muscle cell membrane depolarisation and consequent calcium influx. Usually, calcium-gated potassium channels are activated under such conditions and repolarise the membrane. However, in pulmonary hypertension they are downregulated. The authors hypothesised that pharmacological augmentation of these channels would reduce pulmonary hypertension. Dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEA-S, 0.1 mg x mL(-1)), a recently characterised activator of calcium-gated potassium channels, was given to rats in drinking water. Pulmonary arterial blood pressure, increased by 4 weeks of hypoxia (from 15 +/- 0.2 to 29.4 +/- 2.5 mmHg), was selectively attenuated in rats treated with DHEA-S for the whole duration of the hypoxic exposure (23.9 +/- 0.9 mmHg) and in rats given DHEA-S only after pulmonary hypertension had fully developed (last 2 weeks of hypoxia; 24.4 +/- 1.4 mmHg). Pulmonary vascular remodelling and right ventricular hypertrophy associated with pulmonary hypertension were also reduced by DHEA-S. Cardiac index and systemic arterial blood pressure did not differ among the groups. The authors conclude that treatment with an activator of calcium-gated potassium channels, dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate, known to be well tolerated by humans, reduces hypoxic pulmonary hypertension in rats.