Effect of moderate exercises and curcumin on hepatic transcriptional factors associated with lipid metabolism and steatosis in elderly male rat.
Res Pharm Sci. 2021 Jun ;16(3):294-304. Epub 2021 May 12. PMID: 34221063
Background and purpose: The specific molecular mediators involved in dyslipidemia in older people are not yet clearly understood. The current study was, thus, an attempt to investigate whether moderate aerobic exercises and curcumin administration alleviates the abnormalities caused by aging in the rats' liver.
Experimental approach: Thirty-two eight-year-old young rats were classified into five groups, namely, young control, aged control, aged-curcumin, aged-exercise, and aged-curcumin-exercise co-treatment. The rats in the exercise groups were trained on an animal treadmill for 60 min/day five times per week for eight weeks.
Findings/Results: The results revealed a significant increase in FAT/CD36, PTP1B, significantly decreased HNF4α genes expression, increase in LDL and cholesterol in the aged group compared to the young control. Compared to those in the young control group, no significant changes in HDL and TG amounts in the aged control were observed. Moreover, compared to the young control, the aged group showed liver histological changes such as fibrosis and mild or grade 1 steatohepatitis. Moderate aerobic exercise and curcumin alone or in combination completely masked this effect.
Conclusion and implications: The findings revealed dyslipidemia and liver steatosis related to aging might be partly associated with changes in hepatic transcriptional factors which can be mitigatedmoderate aerobic exercise and curcumin.