The elemenal diet is superior to prednisone in treating children with Crohn's disease. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Remission following an elemental diet or prednisolone in Crohn's disease.
Acta Paediatr. 1995 Jan;84(1):79-83. PMID: 7734907
University of Birmingham, Institute of Child Health, UK.
The short- and long-term effects of an elemental diet in children with acute Crohn's disease were compared with those of prednisolone in historical controls. Clinical remission was induced in 25 of 30 and in 18 of 28 episodes treated for six weeks with an elemental diet and prednisolone. Patients with proximal disease had longer remission after treatment with an elemental diet (p<0.05) than did patients with colonic disease after treatment with prednisolone (p<0.01). Disease activity index score improved in both groups compared with the pretreatment scores (p<0.05). However, the improvement in the elemental diet group was significantly better than in the prednisolone group (p<0.001). Changes in linear growth were better after treatment with an elemental diet compared with steroids (p<0.001). Serum albumin and haematocrit concentrations all improved significantly in the children treated with an elemental diet (p<0.001) but not in those treated with steroids. Thus an elemental diet was better than prednisolone in proximal disease and confirmed improved growth and nutritional status.