Fisetin and telmisartan each alone or in low-dose combination alleviate OVA-induced food allergy in mice.
Pharmacol Rep. 2019 Apr ;71(2):330-337. Epub 2018 Dec 21. PMID: 30826574
BACKGROUND: Food allergy (FA) is a worldwide health problem, affecting nearly 10% of all populations, with no prophylactic options or regulatory treatment available until now. Fisetin, a biologically active flavonoid, and telmisartan, the highly selective competitive AT1 receptor antagonist, recently exhibited potent anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activities. In the present study, we have evaluated the possible anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activities of fisetin and telmisartan each alone or in low-dose combination in a mouse model of FA.
METHODS: For induction of FA, eight-week-old BALB/c mice, sensitized by two ip injection of 50μg ovalbumin (OVA) and 1 mg alum at day 0 and 7. Then, each mouse challenged with 10 mg OVA at days 14, 16, 18, and 21. On the 28day, the fifth challenge carried out by oral administration of 50 mg OVA. Either fisetin (1 or 3 mg/kg/d), telmisartan (1 or 3 mg/kg/d) or a combination of fisetin 1 mg/kg/d and telmisartan 1 mg/kg/d received orally from the 13day till 28day. In challenge days, the treatments received one-hour before the challenge.
RESULTS: Our data showed that fisetin and telmisartan each alone or in low-dose combination attenuated the anaphylactic manifestation, decreased blood eosinophilic count, serum OVA-specific IgE, and IL-4 levels, the intestinal total and degranulated mast cells count, and CD4immunohistochemical expression. Furthermore, they enhanced the serum IFN-γ level and abrogated the intestinal histopathological changes induced by OVA in mice.
CONCLUSION: Either fisetin, telmisartan or their low-dose combination could be promising in the management of FA.