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Abstract Title:

Fisetin mitigates hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury by regulating GSK3β/AMPK/NLRP3 inflammasome pathway.

Abstract Source:

Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int. 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8. PMID: 34024736

Abstract Author(s):

Jun-Liang Pu, Zuo-Tian Huang, Yun-Hai Luo, Tong Mou, Ting-Ting Li, Zhong-Tang Li, Xu-Fu Wei, Zhong-Jun Wu

Article Affiliation:

Jun-Liang Pu

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury (IRI) represents a crucial challenge in liver transplantation. Fisetin has anti-inflammatory, anti-aging and anti-oxidative properties. This study aimed to examine whether fisetin mitigates hepatic IRI and examine its underlying mechanisms.

METHODS: Sham or warm hepatic I/R operated mice were pretreated with fisetin (5, 10 or 20 mg/kg). Hepatic histological assessments, TUNEL assays and serum aminotransferase measurements were performed. An in vitro hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) model using RAW264.7 macrophages pretreated with fisetin (2.5, 5 or 10 µmol/L) was also used. Serum and cell supernatant concentrations of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-18 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Protein levels of p-GSK3β, p-AMPK and NLR family pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3)-associated proteins were detected by Western blotting.

RESULTS: Compared with the I/R group, fisetin pretreatment reduced pathological liver damage, serum aminotransferase levels, serum concentrations of IL-1β, IL-18 and TNF-α in the murine IRI model. Fisetin also reduced the expression of NLRP3 inflammasome-associated proteins (NLRP3, cleaved caspase-1, IL-1β and IL-18) in I/R-operated liver. The experiments in vitro showed that fisetin decreased the release of IL-1β, IL-18 and TNF-α, and reducedthe expression of NLRP3 inflammasome-associated proteins in H/R-treated RAW264.7 cells. Moreover, fisetin increased the expressions of p-GSK3β and p-AMPK in both models, indicating that its anti-inflammatory effects were dependent on GSK3β/AMPK signaling. The anti-inflammatory effects of fisetin were partially inhibited by the AMPK specific inhibitor compound C.

CONCLUSIONS: Fisetin showed protective effects against hepatic IRI, countering inflammatory responses through mediating the GSK3β/AMPK/NLRP3 inflammasome pathway.

Study Type : Animal Study

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