Gallic acid exerts anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative stress, and nephroprotective effects against paraquat-induced renal injury in male rats.
Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 2020 Jul 30. Epub 2020 Jul 30. PMID: 32734364
Paraquat (PRQ) is a toxic chemical compound that is very noxious to animals and humans. Gallic acid is a phenolic compound that has antioxidant properties. In this study, we evaluated the ameliorative effect of gallic acid against PRQ-induced renal injury and oxidative stress. In this research, the rats were segregated into six groups. Group 1 is the control group; group 2 received paraquat only; group 3 received gallic acid only; and groups 4, 5, and 6 received paraquat plus gallic acid at doses of 25, 50, and 100 mg/kg bw respectively. Findings of this work displayed that the renal contents of the vitamin C, superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT) significantly reduced and the levels of the serum protein carbonyl, creatinine, serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (sGPT), urea, serum glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase (sGOT), uric acid, MDA, serum IL-1β, and the kidney IL-1β gene expression were remarkably increased in the group receiving PRQ only compared with that in the control group. On the other hand, treatment with gallic acid after exposure to PRQ led to a significant elevation in renal vitamin C, SOD, and CAT levels plus a remarkable decrease in the serum protein carbonyl, creatinine, sGPT, urea, sGOT, uric acid, MDA, IL-1β, and renal gene expression of IL-1β in comparison with the PRQ-only-treated rats. Histological changes were also ameliorated by gallic acid administration. The data approve that gallic acid diminished the deleterious effects of PRQ exposure. In this regard, our results indicated that the administration of gallic acid could alleviate the noxious effects of PRQ on the antioxidant defense system and renal tissue.