Protective Effects of Genistein and Puerarin against Chronic Alcohol-Induced Liver Injury in Mice via Antioxidant, Anti-inflammatory, and Anti-apoptotic Mechanisms.
J Agric Food Chem. 2016 Sep 19. Epub 2016 Sep 19. PMID: 27609057
This study aimed to investigate the protective effect of genistein or puerarin on chronic alcohol-induced liver injury in vivo and to explore the underlying mechanisms of hepatoprotective effects. Mice were administered genistein or puerarin (0.3 mmol kg(-1) body weight) and gastrically infused with 50% alcohol once per day for 5 weeks. Levels of serum transaminases, serum and hepatic lipids, hepatic antioxidant capacities, inflammation, apoptosis, and histopathological sections were analyzed. Results showed that genistein and puerarin exhibited similar effects in ameliorating alcohol-induced liver injury. However, genistein is more effective than puerarin in decreasing levels of malondialdehyde (1.05± 0.0947 vs 1.28 ± 0.213 nmol/mg pro, p<0.05), tumor necrosis factorα (3.12 ± 0.498 vs 3.82 ± 0.277 pg/mg pro, p<0.05), interleukin-6 (1.46± 0.223 vs 1.88 ± 0.309 pg/mg pro, p<0.05), whereas puerarin is more effective than genistein in ameliorating serum activities or levels of alanine transaminase (35.8± 3.95 vs 42.6 ± 6.56 U/L, p<0.05) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (1.12± 0.160 vs 1.55 ± 0.150 mmol/L, p<0.05). In conclusion, both genistein and puerarin effectively alleviate hepatic damage induced by chronic alcohol administration through potential antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, or anti-apoptotic mechanisms.