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Abstract Title:

Hyperoside ameliorates glomerulosclerosis in diabetic nephropathy by downregulating miR-21.

Abstract Source:

Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 2016 Dec ;94(12):1249-1256. Epub 2016 Jul 19. PMID: 27704873

Abstract Author(s):

Le Zhang, Siyi He, Fan Yang, Hua Yu, Wei Xie, Qian Dai, Di Zhang, Xiaoqin Liu, Shiwen Zhou, Kebin Zhang

Article Affiliation:

Le Zhang

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effects of hyperoside (Hyp) on glomerulosclerosis in diabetic nephropathy and its underlying mechanisms. Blood glucose, kidney mass, and renal function of mice were measured. Renal morphology was observed using hematoxylin and eosin, periodic acid - Schiff's, and Masson's trichrome stain. Fibronectin (FN) and collagen IV (COL IV) in kidney were determined by Western blot and immunohistochemical studies. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-2 and -9 and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 in renal tissues were detected on both the mRNA and protein levels. miRNA expression and artificial alterations by miRNA agomir transfection were evaluated to investigate the protective mechanism of Hyp in mesangial cells. Hyp effectively improved renal function and physiologic features of db/db mice. Hyp also ameliorated glomerulosclerosis by suppressing FN, COL IV, and TIMP-1 expressions and promoting MMP-9 and MMP-2 expressions. The change in MMP-9 mRNA expression was inconsistent with that in protein levels in kidney, indicating that there was a post-transcriptional regulation. Further exploration in vitro showed that miR-21 was downregulated by Hyp, increasing expression of its target, MMP-9. These results suggest that Hyp can ameliorate glomerulosclerosis in diabetic nephropathy by downregulating miR-21 to increase expression of its target, MMP-9.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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Sayer Ji
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