Marjoram extract prevents ischemia reperfusion-induced myocardial damage and exerts anti-contractile effects in aorta segments of male wistar rats.
J Ethnopharmacol. 2022 Jan 10 ;282:114660. Epub 2021 Sep 20. PMID: 34547419
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Marjoram (Origanum majorana L.) is an herb traditionally used as a medicine in different countries, as Morocco and Iran, because of its beneficial cardiovascular effects. Some studies suggest that these effects are due, at least in part, to the presence of phenolic compounds such as rosmarinic acid (RA) and luteolin.
AIM OF THE STUDY: To analyze the possible cardiprotective effects of a marjoram extract (ME) reducing myocardial damage after coronary ischemia-reperfusion (IR) and its possible antihypertensive effects reducing the response of aorta segments to the vasoconstrictors noradrenaline (NA) and endothelin-1 (ET-1).
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male Wistar rats (300g) were used. After sacrifice, the heart was immediately removed and mounted in a perfusion system (Langendorff). The aorta was carefully dissected and cut in 2 mm segments to perform vascular reactivity experiments.
RESULTS: In the heart, ME perfusion after IR reduced heart rate and prevented IR-induced decrease of cardiac contractility, possibly through vasodilation of coronary arteries and through the upregulation of antioxidant markers in the myocardium that led to reduced apoptosis of cardiomyocytes. In the aorta, ME decreased the vasoconstrictor response to NA and ET-1 and exerted a potent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effect. Neither RA nor 6-hydroxi-luteolin-O-glucoside, major compounds of this ME, were effective in improving cardiac contractility after IR or attenuating vasoconstriction to NA and ET-1 in aorta segments.
CONCLUSION: In conclusion, ME reduces the myocardial damage induced by IR and the contractile response to vasoconstrictors in the aorta. Thus, it may be useful for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases such as myocardial infarction and hypertension.