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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

The Mediterranean Diet And Cardioprotection: Historical Overview And Current Research.

Abstract Source:

J Multidiscip Healthc. 2019 ;12:805-815. Epub 2019 Sep 27. PMID: 31632049

Abstract Author(s):

Pierluca Minelli, Maria Rosa Montinari

Article Affiliation:

Pierluca Minelli

Abstract:

Ancient Greece was the cradle of the Mediterranean food tradition, characterized by the Mediterranean"eternal trinity"wheat - olive oil - wine, the very essence of the country's traditional agricultural and dietary regime, enriched by a culture of sharing and commensality. This food model, subsequently adopted and spread by the Romans, was rediscovered at the end of the Second World War by two American researchers, Leland Allbaugh and Ancel Keys. With the famous Seven Countries Study, Keys demonstrated for the first time that populations practicing a Mediterranean diet - such as the Greeks and southern Italians - showed low mortality rates from ischemic heart disease compared to the peoples of Northern Europe and North America. Since then, numerous subsequent epidemiological studies and randomized clinical trials have confirmed the beneficial effects of the Mediterranean diet both in primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases. This review will focus on the origins of the Mediterranean diet from its roots and its relationship to cardiovascular disease, with a brief overview of the nutritional mechanisms that influence atherosclerosis.

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