Melatonin reverses depressive and anxiety like-behaviours induced by diabetes. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Melatonin reverses depressive and anxiety like-behaviours induced by diabetes: involvement of oxidative stress, age, rage and S100B levels in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex of rats.
Arch Physiol Biochem. 2019 Nov 15:1-9. Epub 2019 Nov 15. PMID: 31726890
Diabetes is associated with depression and anxiety symptoms. The current investigation was designed to explore the effect of melatonin on depressive and anxiety like-behaviours, oxidative stress, levels of AGE, RAGE and S100B in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. The animals were divided into four groups: Normoglycemic; Normoglycemic + melatonin; diabetic; diabetic + melatonin (10 mg/kg, for 4 weeks). The malondialdehyde (MDA), reduced glutathione (GSH), AGE, RAGE and S100B were measured and the depressive and anxiety like-behaviours were assessed by forced swimming and elevated plus maze tests, respectively. Melatonin ameliorates depressive and anxiety like-behaviours. Concomitantly, melatonin reversed diabetes induced increase of MDA, AGE and decrease of GSH and S100B levels in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex. In conclusion, our results showed that melatonin administration may exert antidepressant-likeand anxiolytic effects in diabetic rats through normalising of AGE/RAGE, S100B and oxidative stress in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus.