Modulation effect of Lactobacillus acidophilus KLDS 1.0738 on gut microbiota and TLR4 expression inβ-lactoglobulin-induced allergic mice model.
Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2019 Aug 30. Epub 2019 Aug 30. PMID: 31477403
OBJECTIVES: β-lactoglobulin (β-Lg)-sensitized mice model was employed to investigate the correlation between Lactobacillus acidophilus KLDS 1.0738 (Lap KLDS 1.0738) modulating gut microbiota and inducting Toll-like receptors (TLRs) expression.
METHODS: The alterations of mice fecal microbiota were analyzed by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The serum cytokines production and TLR4/NF-κB mRNA expression in the colon tissues were measured by ELISA kit and quantitative RT-PCR, respectively.
RESULTS: The results showed that Lap KLDS 1.0738 pretreatment attenuatedβ-Lg-induced hypersensitivity, accompanied with a diminished expression of TLR4/NF-κB signaling. Moreover, oral administration of Lap KLDS 1.0738 improved the richness and diversity of fecal microbiota, which was characterized by fewer Proteobacteria phylum and Helicobacteraceae family, and higherFirmicutes phylum and Lachnospiraceae family than allergic group. Notably, TLR4/NF-κB expression was positively correlated with the family of Helicobacteraceae in allergic group, but negatively correlated with the family of Lachnospiraceae, Ruminococcaceae and anti-inflammatory cytokines level. Asignificant positive correlation was observed between TLR4/NF-κB expression and the production of histamine, total IgE and pro-inflammatory cytokines.
CONCLUSIONS: Intake of Lap KLDS 1.0738 can influence the gut bacterial composition, which might result in recognizing TLRs signaling so as to inhibit allergic response.