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Abstract Title:

N-Acetylcysteine Improves Inflammatory Response in COPD Patients by Regulating Th17/Treg Balance through Hypoxia Inducible Factor-1Pathway.

Abstract Source:

Biomed Res Int. 2021 ;2021:6372128. Epub 2021 Jun 29. PMID: 34258270

Abstract Author(s):

Xiaopeng Liu, Zhixiong Hu, Haiying Zhou

Article Affiliation:

Xiaopeng Liu

Abstract:

Introduction: This study was aimed to investigate the effects of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and the change of Th17/Treg cytokine imbalance.. A total of 121 patients with stable COPD at the stage of C or D were consecutively enrolled and randomly divided into 2 groups. Patients in the treatment group received NAC granules (0.2 g × 10 bags, 0.4 g each time, 3 times/d) for half a year. The control group was treated with the same amount of placebo therapy. The peripheral blood of the patient was collected and the cytokine, T lymphocyte subsets were detected.

Results: We found the oral administration of NAC could regulate Th17/Treg balance to resist inflammation in COPD patients. Serum testing showed that the proportion of Treg in CD4+ T cells has increased and the Th17/Treg ratio has decreased during the NAC treatment. In vitro studies, we found that NAC regulated Th17/Treg balance through Hypoxia Inducible Factor-1pathway.

Conclusions: Our result could provide new diagnosis and treatment for elderly patients with COPD from the perspective of immunity ideas.

Study Type : Human Study

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