Percutaneous absorption of resveratrol and its oligomers to relieve psoriasiform lesions. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Percutaneous absorption of resveratrol and its oligomers to relieve psoriasiform lesions: In silico, in vitro and in vivo evaluations.
Int J Pharm. 2020 Jun 5 ;585:119507. Epub 2020 Jun 5. PMID: 32512223
Resveratrol was shown to exert anti-inflammatory effects in experimental models of psoriasis. Several natural oligomers of resveratrol have been extracted from plants. We investigated the antipsoriatic activity of topical administration of resveratrol oligomers and explored the effect of the number of resveratrol subunits on skin absorption to establish the structure-permeation relationship (SPR). Three oligomers,ε-viniferin (dimer), ampelopsin C (trimer) and vitisin A (tetramer), extracted from Vitis thunbergii root were compared to the resveratrol glycoside polydatin. Delivery to porcine skin was assessed in vitro using the Franz cell. Keratinocytes activated with imiquimod (IMQ) were utilized to evaluatecytokine/chemokine inhibition. Topical application of resveratrol and oligomers was characterized in vivo by assessing cutaneous absorption, skin physiology, proinflammatory mediator expression, and histopathology in IMQ-treated mice. Skin deposition decreased as the molecular size and lipophilicity of the permeants increased. Resveratrol exhibited highest absorption, followed by ε-viniferin. The monomers resveratrol and polydatin exhibited higher flux across skin than the larger oligomers. In silico modeling revealed the permeants that strongly interacted with stratum corneum (SC) lipids exhibited lower transport to viable skin and the receptor compartment. In vitro, resveratrol and its derivatives had comparable ability to inhibit IMQ-induced IL-1β, IL-6, and CXCL8 secretion in activated keratinocytes. In vivo, topically applied ε-viniferin accumulated at higher levels than resveratrol (0.067 versus 0.029 nmol/mg) in psoriasis-like mouse skin with impaired barrier capacity. Topical ε-viniferin alleviated psoriasiform symptoms and reduced IL-23 secretion (by 58% vs. 37%) more effectively than resveratrol. ε-Viniferin has potential as an anti-inflammatory agent to prevent ortreat psoriasis.