Pre-treatment with vitexin protects against neonatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Vitexin protects against hypoxic-ischemic injury via inhibiting Ca2+/Calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II and apoptosis signaling in the neonatal mouse brain.
Oncotarget. 2017 Apr 11 ;8(15):25513-25524. PMID: 28424420
Neonatal hypoxic-ischemic is a major cause of death and disability in neonates. In this study, we suggest for the first time that pretreatment with vitexin may suppress a pro-apoptotic signaling pathway in hypoxic-ischemic neuronal injury in neonates by inhibition of the phosphorylation of Ca2+/Calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II. Here we found that vitexin pretreatment reduced brain infarct volume in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, vitexin decreased the number of TUNEL-positive cells and brain atrophy. Furthermore, vitexin improved neurobehavioral outcomes. Vitexin also reduced oxygen glucose deprivation-induced neuronal injury and calcium entry. Vitexin pretreatment increased the Bcl-2/Bax protein ratio and decreased phosphorylation of Ca2+/Calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II and NF-κB, cleaved caspase-3 protein expression 24 hours after injury. Our data indicate that pretreatment with vitexin protects against neonatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury and thus has potential as a treatment for hypoxic-ischemic brain injury.