Pyrethroid insecticides exhibit neurotoxic properties in mouse neuroblastoma cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Increase of sodium current after pyrethroid insecticides in mouse neuroblastoma cells.
Brain Res. 1987 Dec 29;437(2):309-22. PMID: 2449265
Department of Veterinary Pharmacology, Pharmacy and Toxicology, University of Utrecht, The Netherlands.
The effects of 4 different pyrethroid insecticides on sodium channel gating in internally perfused, cultured mouse neuroblastoma cells (N1E-115) were studied using the suction pipette, voltage clamp technique. Pyrethroids increased the amplitude of the sodium current, sometimes by more than 200%. Activation of the sodium current occurred at more hyperpolarized potentials than under control conditions. The declining phase of the sodium current during depolarization was markedly slowed down and after repolarization of the membrane a large, slowly decaying sodium tail current developed. Pyrethroids did not affect the sodium current reversal potential, steady-state sodium inactivation or recovery from sodium channel inactivation. The amplitude of the pyrethroid-induced slow tail current was always proportional to the sodium current at the end of the preceding depolarizing pulse. The rate of decay of the slow tail current strongly depended on pyrethroid structure and increased in the order deltamethrin, cyphenothrin, fenfluthrin and phenothrin. The rate of decay further depended on membrane potential and temperature. Below -85 m V the instantaneous current-voltage relationship of the slow tail current showed a negative slope conductance. The tail current decayed more slowly at low temperatures. Arrhenius plots indicated that the relaxation of open sodium channels to a closed state involved a higher energy barrier for pyrethroid-affected than for normal channels. The energy barrier was higher after deltamethrin than after the non-cyano pyrethroid fenfluthrin. It is concluded that in mammalian neuronal membrane pyrethroids selectively reduce the rate of closing of sodium channels both during depolarization and after repolarization of the nerve membrane.