Schisandrin A protects against lipopolysaccharide-induced mastitis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Schisandrin A protects against lipopolysaccharide-induced mastitis through activating Nrf2 signaling pathway and inducing autophagy.
Int Immunopharmacol. 2020 Jan ;78:105983. Epub 2019 Nov 22. PMID: 31767544
Schisandrin A (Sch A), a dibenzocyclooctadiene lignan extracted from Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill., has anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, but the effect on masitits has not been studied. Therefore, we investigated the effect of Sch A in cell and mouse models of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced mastitis. Studies in vivo showed that Sch A reduced LPS-induced mammary injury and the production of pro-inflammatory mediators. Sch A also decreased the levels of pro-inflammatory mediators and activated nuclear factor-E2 associated factor 2 (Nrf2) signaling pathway in mouse mammary epithelial cells (mMECs). The Nrf2 inhibitor partially abrogated the downregulation of Sch A on LPS-induced inflammatory response. In addition, LPS stimulation suppressed autophagy, while both Sch A and the autophagy inducer rapamycin activated autophagy in mMECs, which down-regulated inflammatory response. Sch A also restrained LPS-induced phosphorylation of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and activated AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and unc-51 like kinase 1 (ULK1). In summary, these results suggest that Sch A exerts protective effects in LPS-induced mastitis models by activating Nrf2 signaling pathway and inducing autophagy and the autophagy is initiated by suppressing mTOR signaling pathway and activating AMPK-ULK1 signaling pathway.