Abstract Title:

Stimulation of DDX3 expression by ginsenoside Rg3 through the Akt/p53 pathway activates the innate immune response via TBK1/IKKε/IRF3 signalling.

Abstract Source:

Curr Med Chem. 2014 ;21(8):1050-60. PMID: 24180280

Abstract Author(s):

Yeo-Jin Choi, Li-Jung Kang, Seong-Gene Lee

Article Affiliation:

Yeo-Jin Choi


DEAD-box RNA helicase DDX3 is a well-known host factor that inhibits hepatitis B viral proliferation and boosts innate immune responses via TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1)/IKKε-mediated and/or interferon (IFN)-β promoter stimulator-1 (IPS-1)-mediated IFN-β induction. Previously, we demonstrated the anti-hepatitis B activity of Rg3 via stimulation of TRAF6/TAK1 degradation and inhibition of JNK/AP-1 signaling. To determine the effects of Rg3 on innate immunity, an IFN-β promoter assay was performed. Rg3 ameliorated IFN-β expression via upregulation of both the TBK1/IKKε pathway and DDX3 expression. In addition, Rg3 induced the phosphorylation of IRF3 and its translocation into nucleus, which is a key molecule to induction of IFN-β expression. To evaluate themolecular mechanism of Rg3 on DDX3 expression, the DDX3 promoter (-1406/+105) was subjected to luciferase assay and ChIP analysis. p53 phosphorylation resulted in upregulation of DDX3 expression, which enhanced DDX3 promoter transactivation activity. Transient transfection with wild-type p53 increased DDX3 promoter activity in Hep3B cells which have null mutant of p53, whereas knockdown p53 by si-p53 reduced DDX3 promoter activity in HepG2.2.15 and HepG2 cells, respectively. Rg3- mediated phosphorylation of p53 resulted in inhibition of Akt phosphorylation, which in turn reduced MDM2-mediatedp53 degradation. An Akt inhibitor augmented DDX3 promoter activity and reduced the secretion of hepatitis B surface antigen. Our data indicate that Rg3 enhances innate immunity by inducing IFN-β expression through upregulation of DDX3 promoter activity via p53-mediated transactivation and activation of the TBK1/IKKε/IRF3 pathway.

Study Type : In Vitro Study
Additional Links
Pharmacological Actions : Immunostimulatory : CK(633) : AC(192)

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.