Tangeretin ameliorates erectile and testicular dysfunction. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Tangeretin ameliorates erectile and testicular dysfunction in a rat model of hypertension.
Reprod Toxicol. 2020 May 29. Epub 2020 May 29. PMID: 32479886
Tangeretin is a polymethoxyflavone concentrated in citrus peels and has several biological activities. This study examined whether tangeretin improved reproductive dysfunction in N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride (L-NAME)-induced hypertensive rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats received L-NAME to induce hypertension and reproductive dysfunction for 5 w and were treated with tangeretin (15 or 30 mg/kg) or sildenafil citrate (10 mg/kg) for the final two weeks. Mean arterial pressure (MAP), intracavernosal pressure (ICP) response to cavernous nerve stimulation, endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), Angiotensin II receptor type 1 (ATR) and gp91protein expressions and malondialdehyde (MDA) level in penile tissues were measured. Sperm concentrations and motility, seminiferous tubule morphology, serum testosterone, testicular eNOS and steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) expression were evaluated. Aortic superoxide generation, plasma and testicular MDA and plasma nitrate/nitrite levels were determined. Tangeretin reduced blood pressure and increased the maximum ICP/MAP associated with suppression of ATR/gp91phox and upregulation of eNOS expression in hypertensive rats (P < 0.05). Furthermore, improvement of sperm quality relevant to increased testicular eNOS and StAR expression was found in tangeretin treated rats (P < 0.05). Changes in seminiferous tubule morphology in hypertensive rats were recovered by tangeretin (P < 0.05). It increased testosterone levels and reduced oxidative stress biomarkers and raised plasma nitrate/nitrite levels in L-NAME rats (P < 0.05). In conclusion, tangeretin improved maximum ICP/MAP and testicular dysfunction and morphology in rats treated with L-NAME. The molecular mechanisms are mediated by modulations of penile eNOS and ATR/gp91expressions and testicular eNOS and StAR expression.