Tangeretin exerted potent neuroprotective effects against pilocarpine-induced seizures. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Tangeretin alters neuronal apoptosis and ameliorates the severity of seizures in experimental epilepsy-induced rats by modulating apoptotic protein expressions, regulating matrix metalloproteinases, and activating the PI3K/Akt cell survival pathway.
Adv Med Sci. 2017 Sep ;62(2):246-253. Epub 2017 May 11. PMID: 28501723
PURPOSE: Epilepsy is complex neural disarray categorized by recurring seizures. Despite recent advances in pharmacotherapies for epilepsy, its treatment remains a challenge due to the contrary effects of the drugs. As a result, the identification of novel anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) with neuroprotective properties and few side effects is of great value. Thus, the present study assessed the treatment effects of tangeretin using a rat model of pilocarpine-induced epilepsy.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Separate groups of male Wistar rats received oral administrations of tangeretin at 50, 100, or 200mg/kg for 10 days and then, on the 10th day, they received an intraperitoneal injection of pilocarpine (30mg/kg). Subsequently, neuronal degeneration and apoptosis were assessed using Nissl staining and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay procedures. Additionally, the expressions of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K/Akt) pathway proteins, cleaved caspase-3, Bad, Bcl-2, Bcl-xL, and Bax were determined using Western blot analyses.
RESULTS: Tangeretin reduced the seizure scores and latency to first seizure of the rats and effectively activated the pilocarpine-induced suppression of PI3K/Akt signaling. Additionally, tangeretin effectively regulated the levels of apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) in mitochondria as well as the expressions of apoptotic pathway proteins. Seizure-induced elevations in the activities and expressions of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs)-2 and -9 were also modulated.
CONCLUSION: The present results indicate that tangeretin exerted potent neuroprotective effects against pilocarpine-induced seizures via the activation of PI3K/Akt signaling and the regulation of MMPs.