Tangeretin Inhibits IL-12 Expression and NF-κB Activation in Dendritic Cells and Attenuates Colitis in Mice.
Planta Med. 2017 Apr ;83(6):527-533. Epub 2016 Nov 2. PMID: 27806407
In the preliminary study, tangeretin (5,6,7,8,4'-pentamethoxy flavone), a major constituent of the pericarp of Citrus sp., inhibited TNF-α, IL-12, and IL-23 expression and nuclear factor kappa-B activation in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated dendritic cells; however, it did not affect IL-10 expression. Furthermore, tangeretin (5, 10, and 20 µM) suppressed the activation and translocation of nuclear factor kappa-B (p65) into the nuclei in vitro by inhibiting the binding of lipopolysaccharide on dendritic cells. Oral administration of tangeretin (10 and 20 mg/kg) suppressed the inflammatory responses, such as nuclear factor kappa-B and mitogen-activated protein kinase activation and myeloperoxidase activity, in the colon of mice with 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid-induced colitis. Tangeretin increased 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid-suppressed expression of tight junction proteins occludin, claudin-1, and ZO-1. Tangeretin also inhibited 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid-induced differentiation of Th1 and Th17cells as well as the expression of T-bet, RORγt, interferon-γ, IL-12, IL-17, and TNF-α. However, tangeretin increased 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid-suppressed differentiation of regulatory T cells as well as the expression of Foxp3 and IL-10. These results suggest that oral administration of tangeretin may attenuate colitis by suppressing IL-12 and TNF-α expression and nuclear factor kappa-B activation through the inhibition of lipopolysaccharide binding on immune cells such as dendritic cells.