These findings suggest that deuterium-depleted water may serve as an adjuvant treatment. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Premature senescence activation in DLD-1 colorectal cancer cells through adjuvant therapy to induce a miRNA profile modulating cellular death.
Exp Ther Med. 2018 Aug ;16(2):1241-1249. Epub 2018 Jun 19. PMID: 30116375
Cancer, and particularly colon cancer, is associated with an increasing number of cases resistant to chemotherapy. One approach to overcome this, and to improve the prognosis and outcome of patients, is the use of adjuvant therapy alongside the standard chemotherapy regiment. In the present study, the effect of deuterium-depleted water (DDW) as a potential modulator of adjuvant therapy on DLD-1 colorectal cancer models was assessed. A number of functionality assays were performed, including MTT, apoptosis and autophagy, and mitochondrial activity and senescence assays, in addition to assessing the capacity to modify the pattern of released miRNA via microarray technology. No significant effect on cell viability was identified, but an increase in mitochondrial activity and a weak pro-apoptotic effect were observed in the treated DLD-1 cells cultured in DDW-prepared medium compared with those grown in standard conditions (SC). Furthermore, the findings revealed the capacity of DDW medium to promote senescence to a higher degree compared with SC. The exosome-released miRNA pattern was significantly modified for the cells maintained in DDW compared with those maintained in SC. These findings suggest that DDW may serve as an adjuvant treatment; however, a better understanding of the underlying molecular mechanism of action will be useful for developing novel and efficient therapeutic strategies, in which the transcriptomic pattern serves an important role.