Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

HGK-sestrin 2 signaling-mediated autophagy contributes to antitumor efficacy of Tanshinone IIA in human osteosarcoma cells.

Abstract Source:

Cell Death Dis. 2018 Sep 26 ;9(10):1003. Epub 2018 Sep 26. PMID: 30258193

Abstract Author(s):

Jia-Hau Yen, Sheng-Teng Huang, Hung-Sen Huang, Yi-Chin Fong, Yi-Ying Wu, Jen-Huai Chiang, Yuan-Chih Su

Article Affiliation:

Jia-Hau Yen


Tanshinone IIA (TIIA) is a diterpenoid naphthoquinone isolated from the herb Salvia miltiorrhiza with antitumor effects manifested at multiple levels that are mechanistically obscure. In our previous studies, we illustrated that TIIA treatment triggered apoptosis in human osteosarcoma 143B cells both in vitro and in vivo, accompanied with mitochondrial dysfunction. Importantly, the overall survival rate of patients with osteosarcoma who were randomly recruited to S. miltiorrhiza treatment was significantly higher than those without. Pursuing this observation, we evaluated the potential effect of TIIA on autophagy induction in osteosarcoma both in vivo and in vitro. We discovered that TIIA inhibited osteosarcoma cell survival through class I PI3K and Akt signaling pathways. In contrast, expression of class III PI3K required in the early stages of autophagosome generation was predominantly enhanced by TIIA treatment. Our study indicated that treatment of TIIA effectively induced autophagy in human osteosarcoma cells, which contributed to the blockade of anchorage-independent growth of osteosarcoma cells and ameliorated tumor progression in NOD/SCID mice. We demonstrated that TIIA-mediated autophagy occurred in a sestrin 2 (SESN2)-dependent but not Beclin 1-dependent manner. In addition, we defined the activation of HGK (MAP4K4 or mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase kinase)/SAPK/JNK1/Jun kinase pathways in upregulating transcription of SESN2, in which TIIA triggered HGK/JNK1-dependent Jun activation and led to increased Jun recruitment to AP-1-binding site in the SESN2 promoter region. Our results offer novel mechanistic insight into how TIIA inhibits osteosarcoma growth and suggest TIIA as a promising therapeutic agent for the treatment of cancer.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.