Abstract Title:

Alpha-Lipoic Acid Attenuates Cadmium- and Lead-Induced Neurotoxicity by Inhibiting Both Endoplasmic-Reticulum Stress and Activation of Fas/FasL and Mitochondrial Apoptotic Pathways in Rat Cerebral Cortex.

Abstract Source:

Neurotox Res. 2021 Mar 10. Epub 2021 Mar 10. PMID: 33689146

Abstract Author(s):

Yan Yuan, Shi Wen Zhao, Shuang Quan Wen, Qiao Ping Zhu, Li Wang, Hui Zou, Jian Hong Gu, Xue Zhong Liu, Jian Chun Bian, Zong Ping Liu

Article Affiliation:

Yan Yuan


Although many studies have reported toxic effects of cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) in the central nervous system, few studies have investigated the combined toxicity of Cd and Pb. The mechanisms by which these combined heavy metals induce toxicity, as well as effective means to exert neuroprotection from these agents, remain poorly understood. To investigate the protective effects of alpha-lipoic acid (α-LA) on Cd- and/or Pb-induced cortical damage in rats, 48 Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to drinking water containing 50 mg/L of Cd and/or 300 mg/L of Pb for 12 weeks, in the presence or absence of α-LA co-treatment (50 mg/kg) via gavage. We observed that exposure to Cd and/or Pb decreasedthe brain weight/body weight ratio and increased Cd and/or Pb contents as well as ultrastructural damage to the cerebral cortex. Cd and/or Pb also induced endoplasmic-reticulum (ER) stress and activated Fas (CD95/APO-1)/Fas ligand (FasL) and mitochondrial apoptotic pathways. Furthermore, co-treatment of Cd and Pb further exacerbated part of these phenotypes than treatment of Cd or Pb alone. However, simultaneous supplementation with α-LA attenuated Cd and/or Pb-induced neurotoxicity by increasing the brain weight/body weight ratio, reducing Cd and/or Pb contents, ameliorating both nuclear/mitochondrial damage and ER stress, and attenuating activation of Fas/FasL and mitochondrial apoptotic pathways. Collectively, our results indicate that the accumulation of Cd and/or Pb causes cortical damage and that α-LA exerts protection against Cd- and/or Pb-induced neurotoxicity. These findings highlight that α-LA may be exploited for the treatment and prevention of Cd- and/or Pb-induced neurotoxicity.

Study Type : Animal Study

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