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Abstract Title:

Bisphenol A and octylphenol exacerbate type 1 diabetes mellitus by disrupting calcium homeostasis in mouse pancreas.

Abstract Source:

Toxicol Lett. 2018 Jun 20 ;295:162-172. Epub 2018 Jun 20. PMID: 29935216

Abstract Author(s):

Changhwan Ahn, Hong-Seok Kang, Jae-Hwan Lee, Eui-Ju Hong, Eui-Man Jung, Yeong-Min Yoo, Eui-Bae Jeung

Article Affiliation:

Changhwan Ahn

Abstract:

In pancreaticβ cells, which produce and secrete insulin, Casignals contribute to insulin production and secretion. Bisphenol A (BPA) and octylphenol (OP) are reported to increase plasma insulin levels and insulin transcription factors, but regulation of plasma glucose levels did not decrease proportionally to the insulin increase. We hypothesized that BPA and OP disrupt calcium homeostasis resulting in insulin resistance through induction of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. BPA and OP treatment leads to survival of pancreaticβ cells against streptozotocin, but despite an increased insulin level, serum glucose regulation is not properly regulated. The expression of genes involved in transporting calcium ions to the cytosol and ER decreased while the expression of those affecting the removal of calcium from the cytosol and ER increased. Depletion of calcium from the ER leads to ER stress and can induce insulin resistance. Insulin resistance is also confirmed by insulin-responsive gene, such as glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) and IRS2, expression. Taken together, these results imply that disruption of calcium homeostasis by BPA and OP induces ER stress and leads to insulin resistance, especially in a streptozotocin (STZ) -induced type 1 diabetes mellitus model.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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