D-arginine exhibits toxicity. - GreenMedInfo Summary

Abstract Title:

Toxicological and pharmacological effects of D-arginine.

Abstract Source:

Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol. 2005 Sep;97(3):149-54. PMID: 16128908

Abstract Author(s):

Eduardo Navarro, Simeona J Alonso, Felipe A Martín, Miguel A Castellano

Article Affiliation:

Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain. enavarro@ull.es


D-Arginine is extensively used in studies on L-arginine/nitric oxide pathway as an inactive form of L-arginine, even in man. In addition, it has previously been reported that this D-amino acid appears to have pharmacological activity. The present work aimed at evaluating the toxicity and pharmacology of D-arginine administered by the intraperitoneally route in albino male mice. Toxicity of D-arginine, alone as well as in the presence of propranolol and betamethasone was evaluated. D-Arginine in mice showed a light toxicity order (DL50: 2800 mg/kg). Previous injection of the beta-adrenoceptor blocker, propranolol (2 mg/kg, intraperitoneally), or betamethasone (0.5 mg/kg, intraperitoneally) produced a decrease in the toxicity of D-arginine (LD50: 3600 mg/kg, 3300 mg/kg, respectively). Also, a neuropharmacological screening of D-arginine using behavioural, neurological, autonomic, barbiturate-induced sleep time and pentylenetetrazole-induced convulsions tests were performed. D-Arginine 700 mg/kg displayed central stimulant properties, whereas a depressant profile was observed at a dose of 1400 mg/kg. In addition, D-arginine 1400 mg/kg produced a potentiation of pentobarbital sleeping time and a marked anticonvulsivant action against pentylenetetrazole.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.