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Abstract Title:

Effect of Microalgae and Macroalgae Extracts on Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease.

Abstract Source:

Nutrients. 2021 Jun 11 ;13(6). Epub 2021 Jun 11. PMID: 34208211

Abstract Author(s):

Maitane González-Arceo, Saioa Gómez-Zorita, Leixuri Aguirre, María P Portillo

Article Affiliation:

Maitane González-Arceo

Abstract:

The present review aims to gather scientific evidence regarding the beneficial effects of microalgae and macroalgae extracts on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The described data show that both microalgae and macroalgae improved this alteration. The majority of the reported studies analysed the preventive effects because algae were administered to animals concurrent with the diet that induced NAFLD. The positive effects were demonstrated using a wide range of doses, from 7.5 to 300 mg/kg body weight/day or from 1 to 10% in the diet, and experimental periods ranged from 3 to 16 weeks. Two important limitations on the scientific knowledge available to date are that very few studies have researched the mechanisms of action underlying the preventive effects of microalgae on NAFLD and that, for the majority of the algae studied, a single paper has been reported. For these reasons, it is not possible to establish the best conditions in order to know the beneficial effects that these algae could bring. In this scenario, further studies are needed. Moreover, the beneficial effects of algae observed in rodent need to be confirmed in humans before we can start considering these products as new tools in the fight against fatty liver disease.

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Sayer Ji
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