Abstract Title:

Folic acid ameliorates celecoxib cardiotoxicity in a doxorubicin heart failure rat model.

Abstract Source:

Pharm Biol. 2017 Dec ;55(1):1295-1303. PMID: 28274156

Abstract Author(s):

Shafique Ahmad, Bibhu Prasad Panda, Kanchan Kohli, Mohammad Fahim, Kiran Dubey

Article Affiliation:

Shafique Ahmad


CONTEXT: The cardiotoxic effect of selective cyclo-oxygenase-2 inhibitors is well known. While rofecoxib and valdecoxib have been withdrawn, celecoxib remains on the market. Folic acid, a naturally occurring vitamin, has been shown to reduce myocardial ischemia and post-reperfusion injury in rats.

OBJECTIVE: This study examined the cardiac effects of celecoxib and folic acid on doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy in rats.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cardiomyopathy was induced in male Wistar rats with six intraperitoneal injections of 2.5 mg/kg doxorubicin over a period of two weeks. The effect of 28 days of celecoxib (100 mg/kg/day) and its combination with folic acid (10 mg/kg/day) was studied on doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy according to serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), creatine kinase (CK-MB), troponin-T (Tn-T), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), cardiac thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS), and glutathione (GSH) levels as well as systolic blood pressure (SBP), heart rate (HR) and ultrastructural studies.

RESULTS: Celecoxib cardiotoxicity was manifested by significant increases in the LDH, Tn-T, TNF-α, CK-MB, SBP, HR (p < 0.001) and TBARS (p < 0.01) levels and a significant decrease in the GSH (p < 0.05) level when used alone or administered with doxorubicin. However, the combination of folic acid with celecoxib caused a significant reversal of these parameters and reduced the cardiotoxicity of celecoxib that was aggravated by doxorubicin. The ultrastructural study also revealed myocardialprotection with this combination.

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Folic acid protects against the cardiotoxic effects of celecoxib, which are aggravated in the presence of doxorubicin. Folic acid may act as a useful adjunct in patients who are taking celecoxib.

Study Type : Animal Study
Additional Links
Pharmacological Actions : Cardioprotective : CK(5377) : AC(1675)
Problem Substances : Celecoxib : CK(60) : AC(5)

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.