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Abstract Title:

Ginsenoside Rg3 regulates DNA damage in non-small cell lung cancer cells by activating VRK1/P53BP1 pathway.

Abstract Source:

Biomed Pharmacother. 2019 Oct 16 ;120:109483. Epub 2019 Oct 16. PMID: 31629252

Abstract Author(s):

Tianhua Liu, Ling Zuo, Dongqing Guo, Xinlou Chai, Jie Xu, Zhaorui Cui, Zhiyi Wang, Chunying Hou

Article Affiliation:

Tianhua Liu

Abstract:

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths. Ginsenoside Rg3 is the main ingredient of Ginseng which is used to treat non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). It has been found to enhance the efficiency of chemotherapy thereby reducing its side effects. Previous studies found that ginsenoside Rg3 can reduce the occurrence of NSCLC by inducing DNA damage. Yet, its anti-DNA damaging effects and mechanisms in tumor cells are still not fully understood. This study explored the effect of ginsenoside Rg3 on DNA repair and VRK1/P53BP1 signaling pathway. Ginsenoside Rg3 treatment significantly decreased the incidence and invasionin a mouse model of lung cancer induced by urethane. The results of cell survival assay and single cell gel electrophoresis showed that ginsenoside Rg3 protected lung adenocarcinoma cells from DNA damage as well as inhibited the proliferation of tumor cells. Ginsenoside Rg3 increased the mRNA and protein expression of VRK1 in NSCLC cells as measured by RT-qPCR and western blot, respectively. These findings suggests that ginsenoside Rg3 regulates VRK1 signaling. Immunofluorescence assays showed that P53BP1 and VRK1 protein level increased, and the VRK1 protein translocated between the nuclei and cytoplasm. Finally, this conclusion was confirmed by the reverse validation in VRK1-knockdown cells. Taken together, these results show that ginsenoside Rg3 upregulate VRK1 expression and P53BP1 foci formation in response to DNA damage thereby inhibiting the tumorigenesis and viability of cancer cells. These findings reveal the role of Rg3 in lung cancer and provides therapeutic targets for developing new drugs in the prevention and treatment of lung cancer.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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