n/a

Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Improvement Effect of Sweet Basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) Powder Intake on Obese Mice Fed a High-fat and High-sucrose Diet.

Abstract Source:

J Oleo Sci. 2021 Aug 6. Epub 2021 Aug 6. PMID: 34373411

Abstract Author(s):

Chikako Kiyose, Haruka Takeuchi, Yoshimni Yabe, Tomoya Koike, Kazutaka Sakiya, Mana Nagase, Rieko Tanaka-Yachi, Chie Takahashi-Muto

Article Affiliation:

Chikako Kiyose

Abstract:

This study aimed to determine if there are anti-inflammatory and anti-obesity effects of sweet basil, an herb, in mice. Sweet basil was administered as a powder to male C57BL/6JJcl mice, which were divided into three groups: the (control [C], high-fat and high-sucrose diet [H], and high-fat and high-sucrose diet plus sweet basil powder [HB]) groups. The mice were fed for 12 weeks and the dry sweet basil powder comprised 1% per kg of the diet. From experiment third week, the average body weight was significantly higher in the H group than in the C group. The average body weight was significantly lower in the HB group than in the H group, but food intake did not significantly differ between the H and HB groups. Liver weight was drastically lower in the HB group than in the H group. Perirenal fat weight and epididymal fat weight were not significantly different between the H and HB groups. Therefore, we assumed that body-weight reduction caused by sweet basil powder intake depended on inhibition of liver enlargement. We then examined lipid metabolism-related gene expression in the mice livers. Expression of the sterol response element binding protein 1-c gene tended to be lower in the HB group than in the H group (p=0.056). We speculated that sweet basil inhibited liver enlargement by suppressing fatty acid synthesis. Moreover, expression of the monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 gene in epididymal fat was significantly lower in the HB group than in the H group. Sweet basil powder appears to have a potent anti-inflammatory effect in the adipose tissue of mice fed a high-fat and high-sucrose diet.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.