Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

l-Theanine improves functional recovery after traumatic spinal cord injury in rats.

Abstract Source:

J Formos Med Assoc. 2019 Dec 5. Epub 2019 Dec 5. PMID: 31812333

Abstract Author(s):

Chih-Chuan Yang, Kuo-Chi Chang, Mao-Hsien Wang, Hsiang-Chien Tseng, Hung-Sheng Soung, Chih-Hsiang Fang, Yi-Wen Lin, Keng-Yuan Li, Cheng-Chia Tsai

Article Affiliation:

Chih-Chuan Yang


BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating medical condition for which no effective pharmacological interventions exist. l-Theanine (LT), a major amino acid component of green tea, exhibits potent antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activities and protects against various neural injuries. Here, we evaluated the potential therapeutic effects of LT on the recovery of behavioral motor functions after SCI in rats and the underlying neuroprotective mechanisms.

METHODS: SCI was induced by applying vascular clips to the dura through a four-level T5-T8 laminectomy, and saline or LT (10/30 mg/kg) was intrathecally administered at 1-, 6-, and 24-h post-SCI. At 72-h post-SCI, half of the rats from each group for each parameter were sacrificed, and their spinal cord was excised for measurement of malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO), superoxide dismutase, catalase, tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1β/-6, myeloperoxidase, and caspase-3. The remaining rats from each group were subjected to Bresnahan locomotor-rating scale (BBB), inclined-plane, toe-spread, and hindfoot bar-grab tests at 1-, 4-, 7-, 10-, and 14-days post-SCI.

RESULTS: LT treatment reduced NO and MDA levels, increased antioxidative strength, and markedly suppressed the levels of neuroinflammatory and apoptotic markers in the spinal cord after SCI. Moreover, LT treatment drastically promoted the recovery of behavioral motor functions post-SCI.

CONCLUSION: Our findings revealed that LT can enhance the recovery of behavioral motor functions after SCI in rats, which related to the suppression of post-traumatic oxidative response, neural inflammation, and apoptosis. This evidence indicates that LT holds considerable potential for use in the clinical treatment/prevention of SCI-induced motor dysfunction.

Print Options

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.