Abstract Title:

Vanadate oligomers: in vivo effects in hepatic vanadium accumulation and stress markers.

Abstract Source:

J Inorg Biochem. 2005 May;99(5):1238-44. PMID: 15833347

Abstract Author(s):

R M C Gândara, S S Soares, H Martins, C Gutiérrez-Merino, M Aureliano

Article Affiliation:

CBME, Department Química e Bioquímica, FCT, Universidade do Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal. rmcgandara@gmail.com

Abstract:

The formation of vanadate oligomeric species is often disregarded in studies on vanadate effects in biological systems, particularly in vivo, even though they may interact with high affinity with many proteins. We report the effects in fish hepatic tissue of an acute intravenous exposure (12, 24 h and 7 days) to two vanadium(V) solutions, metavanadate and decavanadate, containing different vanadate oligomers administered at sub-lethal concentration (5 mM; 1 mg/kg). Decavanadate solution promotes a 5-fold increase (0.135 +/- 0.053 microg V(-1) dry tissues) in the vanadium content of the mitochondrial fraction 7 days after exposition, whereas no effects were observed after metavanadate solution administration. Reduced glutathione (GSH) levels did not change and the overall reactive oxygen species (ROS) production was decreased by 30% 24 h after decavanadate administration, while for metavanadate, GSH levels increased 35%, the overall ROS production was depressed by 40% and mitochondrial superoxide anion production decreased 45%. Decavanadate intoxication did not induce changes in the rate of lipid peroxidation till 12 h, but later increased 80%, which is similar to the increase observed for metavanadate after 24 h. Decameric vanadate administration clearly induces different effects than the other vanadate oligomeric species, pointing out the importance of taking into account the different vanadate oligomers in the evaluation of vanadium(V) effects in biological systems.

Study Type : In Vitro Study
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