Abstract Title:

Radioprotective properties of polyphenols from Phyllanthus amarus Linn.

Abstract Source:

Ann Oncol. 2009 Jan;20(1):160-5. Epub 2008 Jul 31. PMID: 19461166

Abstract Author(s):

Jayant S Londhe, Thomas P A Devasagayam, L Yeap Foo, Saroj S Ghaskadbi

Article Affiliation:

Department of Zoology, University of Pune, Pune, India.


Radioprotective activity of pure compounds isolated from the plant Phyllanthus amarus was studied using rat liver mitochondria and pBR322 plasmid DNA as an in vitro model system. These compounds were ellagitannins namely amariin, 1-galloyl-2,3-dehydrohexahydroxydiphenyl (DHHDP)-glucose, repandusinic acid, geraniin, corilagin, phyllanthusiin D, and flavonoids namely rutin, and quercetin 3-O-glucoside. The activity was then correlated with their hydroxyl and superoxide radical scavenging activity. Both ellagitannins and flavonoids effectively prevented lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation in mitochondria. The compounds also prevented radiation induced single strand breaks in pBR322 plasmid DNA. The radioprotective activity of ellagitannins and flavonoids could be due to their ability to scavenge different radicals more or less efficiently, relieving the oxidative stress. Protection conferred by flavonoids, rutin and quercetin 3-O-glucoside to rat liver mitochondria and plasmid pBR322 DNA from radiation induced damage was due to their strong hydroxyl radical scavenging activity. The inhibitory effect of ellagitannins on lipid peroxidation in liver mitochondria was due to their efficient superoxide radical scavenging ability. This is the first report about the radioprotective activity of pure ellagitannins from Phyllanthus amarus.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.