Abstract Title:

Antioxidants inhibit the effect of vitamin C on oxygen radical-induced sister-chromatid exchanges.

Abstract Source:

Mutat Res. 1987 May;191(1):53-6. PMID: 3574341

Abstract Author(s):

A B Weitberg

Abstract:

The mechanism of vitamin C-induced sister-chromatid exchanges in cultured mammalian cells was studied. Chinese hamster ovary cells, when exposed to an enzymatic oxygen radical-generating system (xanthine oxidase plus hypoxanthine), develop increased numbers of sister-chromatid exchanges. Inclusion of ascorbate (greater than or equal to 0.1 mM) in these incubations resulted in an augmentation of this effect. Superoxide dismutase (100 microliter/ml) and catalase (220 microliter/ml) caused a significant reduction in the number of sister-chromatid exchanges induced by xanthine oxidase, hypoxanthine and vitamin C. Their heat-inactivated counterparts had no effect. These results confirm that vitamin C (greater than or equal to 0.1 mM) potentiates the genetic toxicity of oxygen radicals and that this effect is mediated by toxic oxygen intermediates.

Study Type : In Vitro Study
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