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Abstract Title:

The effects of fluoride on neuronal function occurs via cytoskeleton damage and decreased signal transmission.

Abstract Source:

Chemosphere. 2017 Jun 30 ;185:589-594. Epub 2017 Jun 30. PMID: 28719878

Abstract Author(s):

Lingli Chen, Hongmei Ning, Zhihong Yin, Xiaochao Song, Yongchao Feng, Hao Qin, Yi Li, Jundong Wang, Yaming Ge, Wenkui Wang

Article Affiliation:

Lingli Chen

Abstract:

It has been reported that fluoride exposure may cause serious public health problems, particularly neurotoxicity. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. This study used Neuro-2A cells to investigate the effects of fluoride on the cytoskeleton. The Neuro-2A cells were exposed to 0, 1, 2, 4 and 6 mM sodium fluoride (NaF) for 24 h. Cell viability and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release were examined. It was observed that exposure to NaF reduced cell viability, disrupted cellular membrane integrity, and high levels of LDH were released. The observed changes occurred in a dose response manner. Morphologic observations showed that cell became rounded and were loosely adherent following exposure to NaF. Axon spines and normal features disappeared with high dose NaF treatment. The expression of MAP2 and synaptophysin decreased, particularly at 4 mM and 6 mM (P < 0.05) for MAP2. These results corroborate the morphologic observations. The content of glutamate and NMDAR (glutamate receptor) protein were assessed to help understand the relationship between synapses and neurotransmitter release using ELISA and Western-blot. Compared with the control, glutamateand NMDAR expression declined significantly at 4 mM and 6 mM (P < 0.05) group. Finally, the ultrastructural changes observed with increasing doses of NaF were: disappearance of synapses, mitochondrial agglutination, vacuole formation, and cellular edema. Taken together, NaF exposure disrupted cellular integrity and suppressed the release of neurotransmitters, thus effecting neuronal function. These findings provide deeper insights into roles of NaF in neuron damage, which could contribute to a better understanding of fluoride-induced neurotoxicity.

Study Type : In Vitro Study
Additional Links
Adverse Pharmacological Actions : Neurotoxic : CK(2424) : AC(562)

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