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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Cupping therapy for patients with chronic urticaria: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Abstract Source:

J Integr Med. 2020 Jul ;18(4):303-312. Epub 2020 May 28. PMID: 32534938

Abstract Author(s):

Xian-Jun Xiao, Lei-Xiao Zhang, Yun-Zhou Shi, Jun-Peng Yao, Wei Cao, Ying Liu, Zi-Hao Zou, Si-Yuan Zhou, Ming-Ling Chen, Chun-Xiao Li, Qian-Hua Zheng, Ying Li

Article Affiliation:

Xian-Jun Xiao

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Chronic urticaria (CU) is a common skin disease, which has a negative effect on quality of life. Current treatments do not fully control the symptoms of urticaria for many CU patients, thus effective and safe treatments for CU are still needed.

OBJECTIVE: This review aims to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of cupping therapy in patients with CU.

SEARCH STRATEGY: The search strategy looked for the presence of related keywords, such as"chronic urticaria"and"cupping therapy,"in the title and abstract of research articles indexed in major databases. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were selected after querying nine electronic databases from their inception to May 2019 with the above search terms.

INCLUSION CRITERIA: RCTs were included if they recruited patients with CU who were intervened with dry or wet cupping. Publications could be written in Chinese or English.

DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS: Data were extracted, and the studies were assessed for the quality of their methodological design and risk of bias. Meta-analyses of the RCT data were conducted to assess the total effective rate of the treatment as the primary outcome. Skin disease quality of life index score, recurrence rate, and adverse events were assessed as secondary outcomes. Subgroup analyses were conducted based on different interventions.

RESULTS: Thirteen comparisons from 12 RCTs involving 842 participants were included. There were no significant differences between wet cupping and medications in total effective rate (n = 372; risk ratio [RR] = 1.10, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.97 to 1.25; P = 0.14) or recurrence rate (n = 240; RR = 0.56, 95% CI 0.23 to 1.36; P = 0.20). Cupping therapy, in combination with antihistamine treatment was more efficacious than antihistamines alone, with a greater total effective rate (n = 342; RR = 1.18, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.39; P = 0.03) and lower recurrence rate (n = 342; RR = 0.52, 95% CI 0.32 to 0.84; P = 0.007). Cupping therapy combined with acupuncture was more effective than acupuncture alone (n = 156; RR = 1.25, 95% CI 1.07 to 1.46; P = 0.006). No serious adverse events were reported.

CONCLUSION: Wet cupping may be as effective as treatment with antihistamines. When cupping therapy is used as an adjuvant therapy to antihistamines or acupuncture, it may enhance the efficacy. Results drawn from these studies should be interpreted with caution and applied with care to clinical practice, because of the poor quality among the studies that were reviewed.

SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO, CRD42019137451.

Study Type : Meta Analysis, Review

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